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Denton Recipients of other Military Awards,
1914-1919

Albert Medal (AM)

The Albert Medal was instituted by Royal Warrant on 7 March 1866 for saving life at sea and it was named after the late Price Albert. A second Royal Warrant of the 30 April 1867 instituted two new decorations, the Albert Medal First Class and Albert Medal Second Class for saving life on land.

522653 Serjeant Victor Brookes
Canadian Royal Army Medical Corps,
attached Canadian Cavalry Field Ambulance
Lieutenant Colonel (Temporary Brigadier General) Alfred Burt DSO GOC
7th Cavalry Brigade
T/28996 Driver Alfred Edward Montague Horn
Army Service Corps, Heavy Transport,
attached H.Q. 7th Cavalry Brigade
DM2/096744 Private Arthur Johnson
Army Service Corps, Mechanical Transport,
attached 364th Forestry Company, Royal Engineers

Citation

On the 30 June 1918, a corporal of the Royal Air Force, who had been lowered by a rope into a crater caused by a bomb which had been dropped by a hostile aeroplane, was overcome by carbon monoxide gas, which had accumulated in large quantities in the crater. Endeavours were made to haul him out, but his head became caught, and Private Johnson volunteered to descend and re-adjust the rope, which he did successfully, and the corporal was rescued, but Johnson was himself overcome. Driver Horn at once put on his respirator and lowered himself to the rescue, but was likewise overcome.

Serjeant Brookes then volunteered to rescue both men, but was also overcome by gas; fortunately he was hauled out. At this stage Brigadier General Burt refused to permit anyone else to descend, but did himself, and succeeded in dragging one of the unconscious men some way towards the rope; he, however, became unconscious and had to be pulled out. There can be no doubt that they all knew the risk that they were running, and willingly incurred it in the hope of saving life.

Reference: The Canadian Gazette, 21 December 1918.
Location of the incident: Belloy-sur-Somme, France, 30 June 1918.

Driver Horn and Private Johnson both died on the 1 July 1918 as a result of their involvement and their awards were posthumous. They were buried in Crouy British Cemetery, Crouy-sur-Somme, France. Grave References: III.C.25 and 26, respectively.

Victor Brookes was born at Gorton, Manchester, on the 28 November 1887 to Robert John Corby Brookes and Jane Greaves who were married at Chorlton-on-Medlock, Manchester, in 1887. He was baptised at St James’s Church, Gorton, on the 18 January 1888. He was in Canada at the outbreak of war and he enlisted in the army on the 10 February 1915 at Calgary, Alberta, and he became a stretcher bearer. He married Yvonne Brunel at Hangest-sur-Somme, France, in 1919. After being demobilised he was briefly resident on Balmoral Drive, Denton, before moving back to Gorton. The couple had two children, Allan Adrian (b. Gorton, 1924) and Yvette Isabelle (b. Openshaw, 1931). He died at Stockport on the 16 October 1974. He is commemorated on the George Cross Honours Board at the Union Jack Club, London, because the Albert Medal was subsequently replaced by the George Cross.

522653 Serjeant Victor Brookes AM.

Meritorious Service Medal (MSM)

The Meritorious Service Medal (MSM) was instituted by Royal Warrant on the 19 December 1845 for the British Army in recognition of meritorious service by Non-Commissioned Officers. Between 1916 and 1919, Army NCOs could be awarded the medal immediately for meritorious service in the field. They could also be awarded the medal for acts of non-combat gallantry. The medal for Royal Marines was instituted in 1849 for gallantry or for distinguished service. Between 1916 and 1919, Royal Marine NCOs could be awarded the medal in the field. The Royal Air Force version of the medal was instituted in 1918 for meritorious service not involving flight. The Royal Navy version of the medal was instituted in 1919, for gallantry not in the face of the enemy and for meritorious service by petty officers and senior naval ratings. It is now awarded to senior NCOs in the Royal Navy, Royal Marines, Women's Royal Naval Service and Queen Alexandra's Royal Naval Nursing Service.

This award was notified without an accompanying citation describing the circumstances in which the Meritorious Service Medal was gained.

70137 Acting Bombardier (Lance Bombardier), then Serjeant William Burrill
Royal Field Artillery, 20th Divisional Ammunition Column

Reference: The London Gazette, Supplement 31132, Page 972, 17 January 1919.
William Burrill was born at Moss Side, Manchester, in 1896 and after being demobilised he was resident on Hyde Road, Denton.

36614 Sapper (Acting Lance Corporal) Jesse Peters Clark
Royal Engineers
Additionally served in the Royal Army Service Corps
Also Mentioned in Despatches (MID)
Granted an Honorary Commission in the Royal Air Force
as a Second Lieutenant (now Pilot Officer) on the 1 April 1919

References:
MSM: The London Gazette, Supplement 30450, Page 68, 28 December 1917.
MID: The London Gazette, Supplement 29890, Page 216, 2 January 1917.
Honorary Commission: The London Gazette, Issue 31472, Page 9432, 25 July 1919.

Jesse Peters Clark was born at the Worksop District in 1891 and after being demobilised he was resident on Howard Lane, Denton.

Military Cross (MC)

The Military Cross (MC) was instituted by Royal Warrant on the 28 December 1914 for officers of the rank of Captain or below, including Warrant Officers, in recognition of acts of gallantry. In August 1916 bars were awarded in recognition of the performance of further acts of gallantry meriting this award.

The award was notified without an accompanying citation describing the circumstances in which the Military Cross was gained.

Captain Robert Dallas Blackledge
Highland Light Infantry

Reference: The Edinburgh Gazette, Issue 13033, Page 31, 1 January 1917.
Robert Dallas Blackledge was born at Ardwick, Manchester, on the 9 October 1891 to the Reverend Robert Thomas Blackledge MA and Ellen Dallas who were married at St Paul’s Church, Preston, in 1888. He was resident on Manchester Road, Denton. On Saturday, 23 July 1921 he dedicated the Denton War Memorial in Victoria Park in his capacity as the Curate of Christ Church.

Lieutenant Frank Thewlis
Special Reserve, attached to the 1st Battalion, Coldstream Guards

Citation

For conspicuous gallantry. After an intense bombardment by the enemy, which demolished parts of his trench, and during which he was himself twice buried, he rallied the men round him and drove out a party of the enemy which had penetrated into the trench.

Reference: The London Gazette, Supplement 29602, Page 5408 30 May 1916.

Frank Thewlis was born at Gorton, Manchester, in 1890 to Joseph Thewlis and Elizabeth Embelow White who were married at St James’s Church, Birch-in-Rusholme, Manchester, in 1889. In 1901 he was resident with his parents and siblings on Woodhouse Street, Gorton, still at school. Subsequently his father died and his widowed mother was resident on Laburnum Road, Denton.

He qualified as a solicitor and he trained to be an officer with the Inns of Court Officer Training Corps. He first entered the Theatre of War in the Balkans on the 14 July 1915 but afterwards he was posted to France. At this point he was the commander of the 11th Platoon, No. 3 Company of the 1st Battalion Coldstream Guards. He was killed in action at Ginchy, which lies between Bapaume and the river Somme, on the 15 September 1916, aged 26 years, and he is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial, France, Pier & Face 7D & 8D.

Lieutenant Frank Thewlis was aided by 14870 Lance Corporal Thomas Tarmey who survived the action but was wounded. He was born in the Colne District of Lancashire in 1892. He enlisted in the army on the 16 January 1915 and he was discharged on the 15 September 1917 due to a crushed spine and chronic nephritis. He was awarded Silver War Badge No. 133197.

Lieutenant George Henry Tomkinson
21st Battalion, Manchester Regiment
formerly B/1435 Corporal (then Serjeant) George Henry Tomkinson
of the Rifle Brigade

The 21st Battalion was one of the ‘Manchester Pals’ battalions. George Henry Tomkinson was resident on Thornley Lane, which formed the boundary between Denton and Reddish.

Mentioned in Despatches (MID)

This is a commendation of an act of gallantry. It arises when an individual is mentioned by name and commended for having carried out a noteworthy act of gallantry or service. A Despatch is an official report written by the senior commander in the field.

14426 Corporal (acting Serjeant) Samuel Howard
“A” Company, 8th Battalion, King’s Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment)
Mentioned twice

First MID Reference: The London Gazette, Supplement 29890, Page 220, 2 January 1917.
Second MID Reference: The London Gazette, Supplement 30086, Page 5025, 22 May 1917.
Samuel Howard was killed in action on the 10 May 1917, aged 25 years, and was buried in Faubourg D'amiens Cemetery, France. Grave Reference: V.E.1. He was resident on Mount Pleasant Road, Denton.

5384 Driver Herbert Henry Iles
"A" Battery, 66th Brigade, Royal Field Artillery
(Served as Henry H Iles, CWGC give his Service No. as 5394)

Reference: His Medal Card records that he was posthumously Mentioned in Despatches on the 19 October 1916.
He was killed in action on the 22 April 1916, aged 23 years, and he is commemorated on the Basra Memorial, Iraq, Panel 3 and 60. Herbert Henry Iles was born at Denton in 1893 to Henry Fredeick Iles and Sylvia Broughton. Prior to enlisting he was resident with his parents and siblings on St Martin Street, Castleton, Rochdale, employed as a fitter.

39345 Company Serjeant Major* Thomas Henry Pickles
Machine Gun Corps
formerly 2631 Serjeant Thomas Henry Pickles of the
11th Battalion, Manchester Regiment
*Warrant Officer Class 2

Reference: The London Gazette, Supplement 29890, Page 241, 2 January 1917.
Thomas Henry Pickles survived the war to be demobilised and he was resident on Catherine Street, Denton.

352568 Private/Lance Corporal Fred Redhead
2/2nd East Lancashire Field Ambulance, Royal Army Medical Corps
formerly 242 and 881

Reference: The London Gazette, Supplement 31446, 8 July 1919
Fred Redhead survived the war to be demobilised and he was resident in Chorlton-cum-Hardy. He was born at Denton in 1891 and later he moved with his parents to Heaton Moor, Stockport.

153865 Serjeant Fred Shaw
Royal Engineers

Reference: The London Gazette, Supplement 30740, Page 6920, 7 June 1918.
Fred Shaw survived the war to be demobilised and he was a Denton resident.

Croix de Guerre (Belgium)

This is a military decoration of the Kingdom of Belgium established by royal decree on 25 October 1915. It was primarily awarded for bravery or other military virtue on the battlefield.

Deal/4049/S Private Harry Bardsley
Royal Marines (Royal Naval Division Medical Unit)

Reference: The Edinburgh Gazette, Issue 13323, Page 3502, 20 September 1918.
Harry Bardsley survived the war to be demobilised and he was resident on Hyde Road, Denton.

L/39006 Fitter/Gunner James Glover
Royal Field Artillery

Reference: The London Gazette, Supplement 30631, Page 4532, 12 April 1918.
James Glover survived the war to be demobilised and he was resident on Park Road, Denton.

Territorial Force Efficiency Medal

The Territorial Force Efficiency Medal was introduced in 1908. It was presented for long service and was awarded to non-commissioned officer and men who had completed 12-years service in the Territorial Force. War service counted as double for the purpose of determining eligibility for the medal. Bars were awarded to recognise further periods of 12-years qualifying service.

This medal superseded the Volunteer Long Service and Good Conduct Medal when the Territorial Force was formed in 1908 following the enactment of the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907. This Act resulted in a large re-organisation of the old Volunteer Army and the remaining units of Militia and Yeomanry.

3516726 Serjeant Thomas Radcliffe
9th Battalion, Manchester Regiment
formerly 1199 then 350103 Serjeant Thomas Radcliffe

Thomas Radcliffe survived the war and his Medal Rolls Index Card records that he was also awarded the Victory Medal and the British War Medal. The card also gives the address of the 9th Battalion, Manchester Regiment, as the Castle Armoury, Old Street, Ashton-under-Lyne.

He was born at Denton in 1892 and in civilian life he was a felt hat body maker resident with his widowed mother on Wilde Street, Denton. He is the son of David Benjamin Radcliffe and Mary Elizabeth Bardsley who were married at Christ Church, Ashton-under-Lyne, in 1887. David Benjamin Radcliffe died at Denton in 1902, aged 35 years.

Territorial Force War Medal

This campaign medal is one of the least known of the Great War. It was introduced in 1920 and 33,944 were awarded to those serving in Territorial Force Battalions and the Territorial Force Nursing Service.

The conditions were that it was awarded to those who were serving with a Territorial Force Battalion on the 4 August 1914 or to those who had completed four-years service prior to the 4 August 1914. Additional conditions were that a recipient had to have volunteered to serve outside the United Kingdom prior to 30 September 1914, had actually served outside the United Kingdom between the 4 August 1914 and 11 November 1918 and were not eligible for the award of a 1914 or 1914-15 Star (Mons Star).

1462 then 350228 Private John Wright Cooke
9th Battalion, Manchester Regiment

John Wright Cooke was killed in action on the Somme battlefields on the 23 March 1918, aged 22 years, the second day of the German Spring Offensive that was launched on the 21 March 1918 and continued until midnight on the 7 August 1918.

He was born at Denton in 1896 to George Edward Cooke and Marry Ellen Bowler who were married at St Mark's Church, Bredbury, in 1887. Prior to the war he was resident with his parents on Ashton Road, Denton.

2nd Lieutenant Harry Duncan
18th Battalion, Manchester Regiment
formerly 100 Corporal Harry Duncan
of the Royal Army Medical Corps

Harry Duncan was killed in action on the 23 April 1917, aged 25 years, during the Battle of Arras, France, fought between the 9 April and 16 May 1917.

He was born at Denton in 1891 to George Duncan and Rose Haigh who were married at Christ Church, Denton, in 1891. Prior to the war he was resident with his parents on Cross Street, Denton.


Above left: Albert Medal in Bronze.
Above right: Meritorious Service Medal.
Above left: Military Cross.
Above right: MID Bronze Oak Leaf.
In 1919 it was decided that individuals 'Mentioned in Despatches' will receive a certificate and in 1920 a decoration in the form of a bronze oak leaf was introduced. This was usually sewn onto the ribbon of the British Victory Medal.
Territorial Force Efficiency Medal.
Above left: King Edward VII.
Above right: King George V.
The reverse of the medal is plain with the inscription:
TERRITORIAL FORCE EFFICIENCY MEDAL
Territorial Force War Medal.

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